Common cold manifests with temperature bit lower than 38°C, sore throat and sinuses, and for streptococcus is typical swelling of the lymph nodes and tonsils.
The most common causes of dryness, burning, pain on swallowing and itching in the throat are dry cold air, seasonal allergies or colds. However, sometimes the culprit for sore throat is streptococcus – bacterial infection that can be dangerous if not treated.
There are some signs that will show you that you are not only cold, but you need to go to the doctor to get antibiotics.
Unusual patches in the mouth
White spots in the tongue, tonsils or the bottom of the throat are almost certain indication that the sore throat is caused by bacteria. Often the tonsils are swollen and swallowing is very painful and this situation requires a visit to the doctor and taking antibiotics to prevent further bacterial growth.
Coughing and excretion of mucus from the sinuses
Frequent coughing and excretion of mucus from the sinuses at the back of the throat with a mild sore throat are symptoms that are often caused by the common cold, and not by streptococcus, and it can be cured by inhalation, taking the nasal drops, drinking tea and honey and lozenges for throat. However, if this condition persists for longer than a week, see your doctor.
Temperature determines the state
Although the common cold causes fever, it usually does not exceeding 38°C. If your temperature is higher than that, you have a fever and often sweating, that it is an indication of bacterial or other kind of infection. However, you should be careful because the bacteria may be present even if there is no fever, but then the other symptoms such as cough, blocked nose or sore throat should be long-lasting.
Sore throat caused by streptococcus can cause swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, because they produce greater amounts of white blood cells to help defend against disease. In common cold, the lymph nodes are not reacting, thus they are almost sure indication of a bacterial infection.
Somewhat less common indicator of the presence of streptococcus is a rash on the chest and neck, sometimes spreading to the rest of the body. If the rash is intense and the skin is rough on touch, it is possible that there is an infection of scarlet fever. If you notice the rash, be sure to contact your doctor to assess whether the cause is bacteria or allergy.
Antibiotics do not work on colds
If you receive antibiotics and even after a few days your nose is running your sore throat still hurts, then it is an indication that you are suffering of common cold caused by a virus to which antibiotics have no effect. However, avoid frequent use of antibiotics because they strengthen the resistance of bacteria and cause their mutation.
If you get an antibiotic for streptococcus, it is extremely important to drink them until the end of therapy, because this is the only way you will prevent a recurrence of the disease. Remember that your streptococcus can be contagious until after 24 hours of antibiotic therapy.
Home remedies for the treatment of sore throat
Whether it is a sore throat caused by streptococcal or common cold, there are ways that you f can alleviate the pain. One of the tricks is gargling solution of water and tablespoon of salt. It will help to keep moisture in the oral cavity and remove the sense of “scratching”.
Placing warm compresses will help you with the pain if you have swollen lymph nodes on the neck. One of the more unusual remedies for a sore throat is ice cream, because the cold soothes sensation and makes it easier to swallow. However, if your throat is very red and tonsils swollen, then it should be definitely avoided.
Domestic products such as honey and propolis cannot be ignored, and will greatly ease the sore throat, and also strengthen the immune system. Therefore, it is important to introduce them in the daily diet. Also, in pharmacies, ask for expectorant and sore throat syrup based on natural remedies without chemicals.