Honey is essentially a sugar. Sugars contain very little water in its natural state. Honey in its natural form has very little moisture. It is known that very few bacteria and microorganisms can survive in such conditions.
Another important factor is the bees.
Nectar is the first material collected by the bees to create this sweet superfood, and it is naturally very rich in water – between 60 and 80 %. However, during the process of making it, bees have a very important role in removing the water by waving their wings and literally make the nectar dry.
Bee’s stomachs possess a special enzyme and when they dispose the nectar from their mouths to create it, these enzymes are mixed with nectar, breaking it in two by-products: gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide.
Hydrogen peroxide is the other important substance to deal with all the negative things that could occur in honey.
Therefore, the honey was used for centuries as a remedy – its density rejects any form of growth and contains hydrogen peroxide which makes perfect barrier to prevent infections.